Research title: Working memory in children with reading disabilities
Researchers: Susan Elizabeth Gathercole, Tracy Packiam Alloway, Catherine Willis, Anne-Marie Adams
Published: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
Given the data demonstrating the link between working memory and educational achievement, the researchers in this study wanted to investigate levels of working memory in children with reading disabilities – to see to what degree the working memory influenced specific learning impairments. They also included measurements of fluid intelligence, verbal abilities, short-term memory (STM), and phonological awareness in order to determine the influence working memory had over other abilities in learning disabilities.
The researchers found that working memory capacity, above the other abilities, significantly influenced the severity of learning difficulties in both reading and mathematics in children with learning disabilities.