Enhancing working memory and intelligence in children at-risk for school dropout

Institution: University of Amsterdam Investigator(s): P.F. de Jong, Linda A. Smit Program: Cogmed RM Background & Aim: Adolescents with lower IQ often have many behavior and learning problems in school resulting in an increased risk for drop out from school. The low IQ of these children is often accompanied with problems in working memory (WM) functioning. The aim of the current study is to train WM and evaluate its effects on WM, intelligence, school behavior and school achievement. Population & Sample Size: N = 75 adolescents with low IQ (80-90), ages 13 -18 years • n = 25 adolescents in adaptive Cogmed training group • n = 25 adolescents in adults in reading comprehension training group • n = 25 adolescents in passive control group Design: Randomized, age-gender matched, controlled, test-retest 4 month follow up