Efficacy of attention interventions for children with acquired brain injury: A case series

Institution: Macquarie University

Investigator(s): Dr. Melanie Porter, Stephanie Ross, Suzanne Benson, Dr. R. Brunsdon

Program: Cogmed RM

Background & Aim: Attention deficits are a common outcome following acquired brain injury (ABI) in children. These deficits can cause long term difficulties for the child academically and socially. In particular, school environments can cause great difficulties because the child needs to integrate and learn complex information whilst dealing with many distractions (Ginsfeldt & Emanuelson, 2010). Attention deficits in a school environment can lead to poor academic performance, social problems and behavioural problems which can ultimately result in an increased rate of leaving school early (Ginsfeldt & Emanuelson, 2010). Thus, the aim of the current study is to determine the effectiveness of attention interventions in the rehabilitation of children with ABI, to determine the efficacy of individually tailored intervention programs to improve deficits in attention in children following ABI and to examine the external validity of these interventions

Population & Sample Size: N = 10 children, ages 7 – 12 years, at least 1 year post ABI with an attention deficit (1.5 STD below the mean on attention assessment)

Design: A-B-A-C single case design, Test-retest