A Controlled Trial of Working Memory Training for Children and Adolescents with ADHD

Institution: Ohio State University

Title: A Controlled Trial of Working Memory Training for Children and Adolescents with ADHD

Researcher(s): Steven J. Beck, Christine A. Hanson, Synthia S. Puffenberger, Kristen L. Benninger, William B. Benninger

Program: Cogmed RM

Published: Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, November 2010

Summary

This study examined the efficacy of Cogmed training on 52 children with ADHD and other comorbid diagnoses. The children ranged in age from 7-17 and all attended a private school for children with ADHD and other learning disabilities.

The researchers found significant improvement in ADHD symptoms and Executive Functions as well as inattention, organization, and working memory. This improvement was noted, in addition to various neuropsychological assessments, by rating scales filled out by both the parents and the teachers of the participants. Parents of the participants showed that the training reduced inattentive behaviors and ADHD symptoms at posttreatment and at a 4-month follow-up. Rating scales filled out by the teachers of the participants reached significance at the 4-month follow-up showing improvement in ADHD symptoms and Executive Functions. Note that the study was not placebo-controlled. Further work is planned by the same team at the same school, adding an active control group.

The researchers concluded that Cogmed training may be effective in improving core cognitive deficits underlying ADHD and thus improve ADHD symptoms.

Link to abstract