Computerized cognitive rehabilitation of working memory for children who have sustained traumatic brain injury: A single-blind randomised controlled trial

Institution: University of Sydney Investigator(s): Sunny Lah, Ph.D., Natalie Philips Program: Cogmed RM Background & Aim: The underlying pathology of pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is substantially different to that of ADHD, such that children with TBI commonly experience diffuse brain injury in combination with focal damage, typically resulting in damage to the frontal and temporal regions of the brain (Andreson, Northam, Hendy, & Wrennall, 2001). As such, it is unclear whether children with TBI will benefit from WM training in the same way as children with developmental difficulties. The purpose of this study is to examine the extent to which children who have sustained TBI and present with low WM will benefit from Cogmed on standardized measures of working memory, executive and prefrontal lobe functions, academic ability, and behavioral and psychosocial functioning, following training and at three months follow up. Population & Sample Size: N = 48 children with TBI, ages 7-15 years Design: Randomized, Single-blind, Placebo-controlled, Test-retest, 3 month follow up