Working memory deficits can be overcome: Impacts of training and medication on working memory in children with ADHD
This study conducted at the University of York compared the impact of stimulant medication treatment vs. Cogmed Working Memory Training on the working memory performance and IQ of children with ADHD. Results indicated that medication treatment improved performance on visuo-spatial WM, but not on verbal short-term memory, visuo-spatial short-term memory, or verbal working memory. In contrast, working memory training led to significant gains on all 4 memory tasks and moved children’s performance into the average range. Follow-up data collected 6 months later indicated that training gains in working memory had persisted.